What Does a Computer Programmer Do?

Learn About the Salary, Required Skills, & More


Computer programmers write and take a look at the code that enables software program programs to offer capability. Microsoft Excel, for example, can produce a chart or a graph based on records from a spreadsheet because a pc programmer designed the program to reply that manner to person inputs.

All software program packages are designed to respond to user inputs in unique methods, and specific programs need in order to reply to apparently endless combos of inputs. It is the task of pc programmers to ensure software applications reply correctly to users and offer the favored functionality.

Computer Programmer Duties & Responsibilities

This job usually calls for the capability to do the subsequent paintings:

  • Know laptop languages
  • Write computer applications
  • Update laptop programs
  • Troubleshoot programs
  • Test software programs
  • Collaborate with different programmers

Computer programmers write code thru the usage of pc languages, such as C++ and Java. Computer programmers create instructions that allow computers to generate meaningful output.

It is the duty of laptop programmers to write down code and manipulate it into a language that computers can recognize and observe. 

They paintings closely with statistics technology personnel, managers, and cease customers of their corporations or client companies to develop, hold, and take a look at laptop applications. Computer programmers respond to notifications—by using customers—of flaws in programs, become aware of malfunctioning code, and rewrite packages.

Computer programmers are typically hired with the aid of software program agencies. However, with the surge in get admission to to programmers, many governmental and private sector agencies, consisting of banks and regulation corporations, have started to hire laptop programmers on personnel. It isn't uncommon to see computer programmers working as freelancers, shifting from task to task inside era consulting corporations or as unbiased contractors.

Computer Programmer Salary

Pay for laptop programmers can vary significantly relying on revel in and the nature of the paintings. Those working for software program publishers have a tendency to earn greater than those operating in different industries.

  • Median Annual Salary: $86,550
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $a hundred and forty,250
  • Bottom 10% Annual Salary: $50,one hundred fifty

Education, Training, & Certification

Specific requirements vary with the aid of business enterprise, but completing a degree application or a coding academy is usually vital to begin a profession as a laptop programmer.

  • Education: Both bachelor’s degrees and accomplice’s levels in computer technology are available at most establishments. Private institutes called coding academies have arisen as every other option for those without formal college education in programming. Coding academies provide an intensive and relatively short-term immersion experience in programming. Some academies offer low or no training in alternate for a percentage of profits once a activity is landed. 
  • Certification: Certifications exist for almost all programming languages or supplier-unique programming merchandise. Whether or now not they may be required depends on specific employers, but having them can certainly make a programmer more marketable.
  • Training: It is suggested that no matter what level of training has been attained, the ones interested by pc programming have to complete as a minimum one internship to test their hobby and report their capabilities. Programming is very element-orientated and can be tedious and unsatisfying for many individuals.

Computer Programmer Skills & Competencies

Aside from understanding of computer languages and familiarity with relevant commercial products, there are several gentle competencies pc programmers need to ought to be successful.

  • Analytical thinking: Computer programmers want to recognize, manipulate, and restore complicated laptop code. This once in a while involves seeking to isolate a problem that could be buried someplace in thousands of lines of code, in order that they want in order to assume thru the hassle and slender down where to appearance.
  • Attention to element: Computer programmers need to take note of every line of code written. One incorrect command and the complete program should malfunction.
  • Collaboration: Computer programmers may want assist from any other department or colleague to restoration a software problem. It is crucial they have a collaborative attitude. The work programmers do regularly includes writing software to streamline work or solve a workflow trouble, and that they must collaborate with folks that could be the use of the software program.
  • Focus: Writing laptop applications entails lengthy hours spent writing code or troubleshooting problems. To be successful, programmers want on the way to hold their complete interest on the paintings they may be doing.

Job Outlook

Job opportunities for laptop programmers are anticipated to decline 9% for the last decade finishing in 2029, consistent with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is significantly worse than the four% increase projected for all occupations and the eleven% growth projected for all pc-associated occupations.

The BLS attributes the decline to the provision of much less luxurious computer programmers remote places who can do work remotely.

Work Environment

While some collaboration is important, computer programmers can spend hours at a computer poring over traces of computer code. It may be tedious work.

Some programmers earn a living from home due to the fact the work can be carried out on my own, but this is not usually the case. Other programmers work of their employers' offices, specially when they're worried in larger projects with other programmers.

Work Schedule

Being a laptop programmer is commonly full-time work. While paintings may be done for the duration of standard business hours, many programmers who do business from home can set their own schedules.

Projects generally have time limits that must be met, so programmers may want to work extra hours as those deadlines method, mainly in the event that they’ve run into troubles that wished fixing.

How to Get the Job

GET EXPERIENCE: Through internships, schooling, or education applications, make sure it's miles the right career for you.

CREATE A PORTFOLIO: Candidates who can display potential employers actual programs that they've created will have the perfect time touchdown jobs. Create an internet-primarily based portfolio of your programming tasks to proportion with employers and networking contacts.

NETWORK: Tap into your career community for help with locating open positions and getting job referrals.

SEARCH & APPLY: Search task web sites like Indeed.com, Dice.com, and Getwork.com by key phrases like "programmer" or "computer programmer" and by your favourite computer languages to expand your list of task objectives.

Comparing Similar Jobs

People inquisitive about pc programming also may keep in mind one of the following profession paths, indexed with median annual salaries: