Teen Employment Rules and Regulations

Father and son working at delicatessen together

Maybe you need to have some amusing at the weekends. Perhaps you want to buy a few clothes, or CDs or books. Or, you will be trying to store cash for university. In any case, you may need a process. Before you start making plans on your first paycheck, and even earlier than you start job searching, there are a few things you want to recognize.

If you're underneath 14 years of age, you will be out of good fortune. In the United States, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) units the minimum age for employment at 14. It also limits the range of hours minors who're below the age of sixteen can paintings. In addition, the FLSA commonly prohibits the employment of a minor in work declared hazardous by the United States Secretary of Labor. Included is work involving excavation, driving, and the operation of many styles of electricity-driven gadget.

The FLSA consists of a number of necessities that observe most effective to unique kinds of jobs (for instance, agricultural paintings or the operation of motor automobiles). The FLSA has exceptions to those boundaries. For instance, minimal age requirements do not follow to minors employed through their dad and mom or guardian.

However, minors might not work in mining, manufacturing, and occupations in which the minimal age requirement of 18 years vintage applies. Youths of any age may additionally deliver newspapers; carry out in radio, television, movie, or theatrical productions; and babysit or carry out different minor responsibilities round a personal home.

Laws regulating the employment of minors vary amongst states and U.S. territories. Here you will locate information on each country's or territory's requirements in regard to employment or age certificates. You are encouraged to also touch your own kingdom's Labor Department.

Alabama

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 18 (mandated), and age 18 in mines, issued by means of college
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Alaska

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 17 and below age 19 if business enterprise is licensed to sell alcohol (mandated), issued by way of Labor Department
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Arizona

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Arkansas

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 16 (mandated), issued via Labor Department
  • Age Certificate: Age 16 and 17, issued with the aid of Labor Department

California

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 who are enrolled in school (mandated), issued by school
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Colorado

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age sixteen in the course of school hours (mandated), issued by way of college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors below 18 besides no longer issued to minors underneath age 16 for work all through school hours (on request), issued with the aid of school

Connecticut

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 16 (mandated), issued by way of faculty
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors a long time 16 and 17 (mandated), issued via college

Delaware

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 18 (mandated), issued by way of Labor Department and school
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

District of Columbia

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 (mandated), issued via faculty
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Florida

  • Employment Certificate: No Provision*
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 (on request), issued by means of school
  • Note: The enterprise of a minor ought to obtain and maintain on file proof of the child's age.

Georgia

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued by using faculty
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Guam

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 16 (mandated), issued by using Labor Department
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Hawaii

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age sixteen (mandated), issued by way of Labor Department
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors a while 16 and 17 (mandated), issued by way of Labor Department

Idaho

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Illinois

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 16 (mandated), issued with the aid of college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors from a long time sixteen to 20 (on request), issued by college

Indiana

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued by way of faculty
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors from a while 18 to 21 (on request), issued by using college

Iowa

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age sixteen (mandated), issued by means of college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors from a while 16 and 17 (mandated) and 18 and over (on request), issued via college
  • Note: Both certificates are also issued by means of the faculties.

Kansas

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Kentucky

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 18 (on request), issued with the aid of faculty

Louisiana

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 18 (mandated), issued with the aid of faculty
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Maine

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age sixteen (mandated), issued by faculty
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors ages sixteen and 17 (on request), issued by college

Maryland

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 (mandated), issued with the aid of Labor Department and school
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Massachusetts

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 16 (mandated), issued through college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors a long time sixteen and 17 (mandated), issued by faculty

Michigan

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 18 (mandated), issued by means of school
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Minnesota

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 16 at some stage in school hours (mandated), issued by using college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 18, except not issued to minors underneath sixteen for the duration of faculty hours (on request), issued via faculty
  • Note: The corporation of a minor must reap and maintain on document proof of the child's age.

Mississippi

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 16 in turbines, canneries, workshops, and factories (mandated), issued by college
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Missouri

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 16 (mandated), issued by using college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors age sixteen and over (on request), issued by using college

Montana

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 16 (mandated), issued through school
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 16 and over: in dangerous situations (mandated) and in different occupations (on request), issued via Labor Department

Nebraska

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age sixteen (mandated), issued by school
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 16 and over (on request), issued via college

Nevada

  • Employment Certificate: Issued for minors below age 14 with written permission of district choose (mandated)
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

New Hampshire

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 16 (mandated), issued via school
  • Age Certificate: Not issued
  • Note: Employers must maintain on document a signed, written file from the adolescents's figure or felony mother or father authorizing the employment.

New Jersey

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued by using school
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors a long time 18 to 21 (on request), issued by using college

New Mexico

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 16 (mandated), issued by using Labor Department and faculty
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors sixteen and 17; issued through Labor Department and faculty

New York

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued by using faculty
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 18 and over, issued by way of faculty

North Carolina

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued by means of Department of Labor or the County Director of Social Services
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

North Dakota

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 16 (mandated), issued by Department of Labor
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 16 and over; issued by using Labor Department

Ohio

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age sixteen at any time, and at a long time 16 and 17 throughout college term (mandated), issued by using college
  • Age Certificate: Not issued
  • Note: Minors sixteen and 17 years of age are required to have evidence of age for employment all through school excursion. The Superintendent of Schools for the district in which the pupil lives can also approve employment in a seasonal entertainment park or recreational status quo without an age certificate.

Oklahoma

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age 16 (mandated), issued by means of faculty
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors sixteen and 17, issued via faculty

Oregon

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Pennsylvania

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 (mandated), issued through school
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Puerto Rico

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 (mandated), issued by Labor Department
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 18 thru 21 (on request), issued via Labor Department.

Rhode Island

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age sixteen (mandated), issued with the aid of college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors sixteen and 17 (mandated), issued by way of faculty

South Carolina

  • Employment Certificate: No Provision*
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age 18 (on request), issued by Labor Department

South Dakota

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Tennessee

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued
  • Age Certificate: Not issued
  • Note: The business enterprise of a minor need to achieve and keep on record evidence of the child's age (beginning certificates, baptismal certificate, passport, or figure's oath as to the minor's age).

Texas

  • Employment Certificate: No Provision*
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 18 (mandated), issued by using Labor Department

Utah

  • Employment Certificate: No Provision*
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (on request), issued by school

Vermont

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age sixteen all through faculty hours (mandated), issued by means of Department of Labor
  • Age Certificate: Not issued

Virgin Islands

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued through Labor Department
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

Virginia

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors below age sixteen (mandated), issued by way of school
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors sixteen and 17 (on request), issued by way of faculty

Washington

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors under age 18 (mandated), issued via Department of Labor
  • Age Certificate: No Provision*

West Virginia

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors beneath age sixteen (mandated), issued by college
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 16 and 17 (on request), issued by school

Wisconsin

  • Employment Certificate: Issued to minors underneath age 18 (mandated), issued with the aid of Department of Labor, through permit officials who are school officers and other public officials
  • Age Certificate: Issued to minors 18 and over (on request), issued by means of Labor Department, via permit officials

Wyoming

  • Employment Certificate: Not issued 
  • Age Certificate: Not issued 
  • Note: the company of a minor beneath age sixteen ought to achieve and keep on record proof of the kid's age.

*"No provision" suggests that the issuance of an employment or age certificates is not sensible because every other kind of certificate covers all minors.

Source: US Department of Labor